QTP interview questions and answers

  1. What are the Features & Benefits of Quick Test Pro (QTP 8.0)? - Operates stand-alone, or integrated into Mercury Business Process Testing and Mercury Quality Center. Introduces next-generation zero-configuration Keyword Driven testing technology in Quick Test Professional 8.0 allowing for fast test creation, easier maintenance, and more powerful data-driving capability. Identifies objects with Unique Smart Object Recognition, even if they change from build to build, enabling reliable unattended script execution. Collapses test documentation and test creation to a single step with Auto-documentation technology. Enables thorough validation of applications through a full complement of checkpoints.
  2. How to handle the exceptions using recovery scenario manager in QTP? - There are 4 trigger events during which a recovery scenario should be activated. A pop up window appears in an opened application during the test run: A property of an object changes its state or value, A step in the test does not run successfully, An open application fails during the test run, These triggers are considered as exceptions.You can instruct QTP to recover unexpected events or errors that occurred in your testing environment during test run. Recovery scenario manager provides a wizard that guides you through the defining recovery scenario. Recovery scenario has three steps: 1. Triggered Events 2. Recovery steps 3. Post Recovery Test-Run
  3. What is the use of Text output value in QTP? - Output values enable to view the values that the application talks during run time. When parameterized, the values change for each iteration. Thus by creating output values, we can capture the values that the application takes for each run and output them to the data table.
  4. How to use the Object spy in QTP 8.0 version? - There are two ways to Spy the objects in QTP: 1) Thru file toolbar, In the File Toolbar click on the last toolbar button (an icon showing a person with hat). 2) True Object repository Dialog, In Object repository dialog click on the button object spy. In the Object spy Dialog click on the button showing hand symbol. The pointer now changes in to a hand symbol and we have to point out the object to spy the state of the object if at all the object is not visible. or window is minimized then, hold the Ctrl button and activate the required window to and release the Ctrl button.
  5. How Does Run time data (Parameterization) is handled in QTP? - You can then enter test data into the Data Table, an integrated spreadsheet with the full functionality of Excel, to manipulate data sets and create multiple test iterations, without programming, to expand test case coverage. Data can be typed in or imported from databases, spreadsheets, or text files.
  6. What is keyword view and Expert view in QTP? - Quick Test’s Keyword Driven approach, test automation experts have full access to the underlying test and object properties, via an integrated scripting and debugging environment that is round-trip synchronized with the Keyword View. Advanced testers can view and edit their tests in the Expert View, which reveals the underlying industry-standard VBScript that Quick Test Professional automatically generates. Any changes made in the Expert View are automatically synchronized with the Keyword View.
  7. Explain about the Test Fusion Report of QTP? - Once a tester has run a test, a Test Fusion report displays all aspects of the test run: a high-level results overview, an expandable Tree View of the test specifying exactly where application failures occurred, the test data used, application screen shots for every step that highlight any discrepancies, and detailed explanations of each checkpoint pass and failure. By combining Test Fusion reports with Quick Test Professional, you can share reports across an entire QA and development team.
  8. Which environments does QTP support? - Quick Test Professional supports functional testing of all enterprise environments, including Windows, Web,..NET, Java/J2EE, SAP, Siebel, Oracle, PeopleSoft, Visual Basic, ActiveX, mainframe terminal emulators, and Web services.
  9. What is QTP? - Quick Test is a graphical interface record-playback automation tool. It is able to work with any web, java or windows client application. Quick Test enables you to test standard web objects and ActiveX controls. In addition to these environments, Quick Test Professional also enables you to test Java applets and applications and multimedia objects on Applications as well as standard Windows applications, Visual Basic 6 applications and.NET framework applications
  10. Explain QTP Testing process? - Quick Test testing process consists of 6 main phases:
  11. Create your test plan - Prior to automating there should be a detailed description of the test including the exact steps to follow, data to be input, and all items to be verified by the test. The verification information should include both data validations and existence or state verifications of objects in the application.
  12. Recording a session on your application - As you navigate through your application, Quick Test graphically displays each step you perform in the form of a collapsible icon-based test tree. A step is any user action that causes or makes a change in your site, such as clicking a link or image, or entering data in a form.
  13. Enhancing your test - Inserting checkpoints into your test lets you search for a specific value of a page, object or text string, which helps you identify whether or not your application is functioning correctly. NOTE: Checkpoints can be added to a test as you record it or after the fact via the Active Screen. It is much easier and faster to add the checkpoints during the recording process. Broadening the scope of your test by replacing fixed values with parameters lets you check how your application performs the same operations with multiple sets of data. Adding logic and conditional statements to your test enables you to add sophisticated checks to your test.
  14. Debugging your test - If changes were made to the script, you need to debug it to check that it operates smoothly and without interruption.
  15. Running your test on a new version of your application - You run a test to check the behavior of your application. While running, Quick Test connects to your application and performs each step in your test.
  16. Analyzing the test results - You examine the test results to pinpoint defects in your application.
  17. Reporting defects - As you encounter failures in the application when analyzing test results, you will create defect reports in Defect Reporting Tool.
  18. Explain the QTP Tool interface. - It contains the following key elements: Title bar, displaying the name of the currently open test, Menu bar, displaying menus of Quick Test commands, File toolbar, containing buttons to assist you in managing tests, Test toolbar, containing buttons used while creating and maintaining tests, Debug toolbar, containing buttons used while debugging tests. Note: The Debug toolbar is not displayed when you open Quick Test for the first time. You can display the Debug toolbar by choosing View — Toolbars — Debug. Action toolbar, containing buttons and a list of actions, enabling you to view the details of an individual action or the entire test flow. Note: The Action toolbar is not displayed when you open Quick Test for the first time. You can display the Action toolbar by choosing View — Toolbars — Action. If you insert a reusable or external action in a test, the Action toolbar is displayed automatically. Test pane, containing two tabs to view your test-the Tree View and the Expert View ,Test Details pane, containing the Active Screen. Data Table, containing two tabs, Global and Action, to assist you in parameterizing your test. Debug Viewer pane, containing three tabs to assist you in debugging your test-Watch Expressions, Variables, and Command. (The Debug Viewer pane can be opened only when a test run pauses at a breakpoint.) Status bar, displaying the status of the test
  19. How does QTP recognize Objects in AUT? - Quick Test stores the definitions for application objects in a file called the Object Repository. As you record your test, Quick Test will add an entry for each item you interact with. Each Object Repository entry will be identified by a logical name (determined automatically by Quick Test), and will contain a set of properties (type, name, etc) that uniquely identify each object. Each line in the Quick Test script will contain a reference to the object that you interacted with, a call to the appropriate method (set, click, check) and any parameters for that method (such as the value for a call to the set method). The references to objects in the script will all be identified by the logical name, rather than any physical, descriptive properties.
  20. What are the types of Object Repositories in QTP? - Quick Test has two types of object repositories for storing object information: shared object repositories and action object repositories. You can choose which type of object repository you want to use as the default type for new tests, and you can change the default as necessary for each new test. The object repository per-action mode is the default setting. In this mode, Quick Test automatically creates an object repository file for each action in your test so that you can create and run tests without creating, choosing, or modifying object repository files. However, if you do modify values in an action object repository, your changes do not have any effect on other actions. Therefore, if the same test object exists in more than one action and you modify an object’s property values in one action, you may need to make the same change in every action (and any test) containing the object.
  21. Explain the check points in QTP? - A checkpoint verifies that expected information is displayed in an Application while the test is running. You can add eight types of checkpoints to your test for standard web objects using QTP. A page checkpoint checks the characteristics of an Application. A text checkpoint checks that a text string is displayed in the appropriate place on an Application. An object checkpoint (Standard) checks the values of an object on an Application. An image checkpoint checks the values of an image on an Application. A table checkpoint checks information within a table on a Application. An Accessibilityy checkpoint checks the web page for Section 508 compliance. An XML checkpoint checks the contents of individual XML data files or XML documents that are part of your Web application. A database checkpoint checks the contents of databases accessed by your web site
  22. In how many ways we can add check points to an application using QTP? - We can add checkpoints while recording the application or we can add after recording is completed using Active screen (Note : To perform the second one The Active screen must be enabled while recording).
  23. How does QTP identify objects in the application? - QTP identifies the object in the application by Logical Name and Class.
  24. What is Parameterizing Tests? - When you test your application, you may want to check how it performs the same operations with multiple sets of data. For example, suppose you want to check how your application responds to ten separate sets of data. You could record ten separate tests, each with its own set of data. Alternatively, you can create a parameterized test that runs ten times: each time the test runs, it uses a different set of data.
  25. What is test object model in QTP? - The test object model is a large set of object types or classes that Quick Test uses to represent the objects in your application. Each test object class has a list of properties that can uniquely identify objects of that class and a set of relevant methods that Quick Test can record for it. A test object is an object that Quick Test creates in the test or component to represent the actual object in your application. Quick Test stores information about the object that will help it identify and check the object during the run session.
  26. What is Object Spy in QTP? - Using the Object Spy, you can view the properties of any object in an open application. You use the Object Spy pointer to point to an object. The Object Spy displays the selected object’s hierarchy tree and its properties and values in the Properties tab of the Object Spy dialog box.
  27. What is the Diff between Image check-point and Bit map Check point? - Image checkpoints enable you to check the properties of a Web image. You can check an area of a Web page or application as a bitmap. While creating a test or component, you specify the area you want to check by selecting an object. You can check an entire object or any area within an object. Quick Test captures the specified object as a bitmap, and inserts a checkpoint in the test or component. You can also choose to save only the selected area of the object with your test or component in order to save disk Space. For example, suppose you have a Web site that can display a map of a city the user specifies. The map has control keys for zooming. You can record the new map that is displayed after one click on the control key that zooms in the map. Using the bitmap checkpoint, you can check that the map zooms in correctly. You can create bitmap checkpoints for all supported testing environments (as long as the appropriate add-ins are loaded). Note: The results of bitmap checkpoints may be affected by factors such as operating system, screen resolution, and color settings.
  28. How many ways we can parameterize data in QTP? - There are four types of parameters: Test, action or component parameters enable you to use values passed from your test or component, or values from other actions in your test. Data Table parameters enable you to create a data-driven test (or action) that runs several times using the data you supply. In each repetition, or iteration, Quick Test uses a different value from the Data Table. Environment variable parameters enable you to use variable values from other sources during the run session. These may be values you supply, or values that Quick Test generates for you based on conditions and options you choose. Random number parameters enable you to insert random numbers as values in your test or component. For example, to check how your application handles small and large ticket orders, you can have Quick Test generate a random number and insert it in a number of tickets edit field.
  29. How do u do batch testing in WR & is it possible to do in QTP, if so explain? - Batch Testing in WR is nothing but running the whole test set by selecting Run Test set from the Execution Grid. The same is possible with QTP also. If our test cases are automated then by selecting Run Test set all the test scripts can be executed. In this process the Scripts get executed one by one by keeping all the remaining scripts in Waiting mode.
  30. If I give some thousand tests to execute in 2 days what do u do? - Adhoc testing is done. It Covers the least basic functionalities to verify that the system is working fine.
  31. What does it mean when a check point is in red color? what do u do? - A red color indicates failure. Here we analyze the cause for failure whether it is a Script Issue or Environment Issue or a Application issue.
  32. What is Object Spy in QTP? - Using the Object Spy, you can view the properties of any object in an open application. You use the Object Spy pointer to point to an object. The Object Spy displays the selected object’s hierarchy tree and its properties and values in the Properties tab of the Object Spy dialog box.
  33. What is the file extension of the code file & object repository file in QTP? - Code file extension is.vbs and object repository is.tsr
  34. Explain the concept of object repository & how QTP recognizes objects? - Object Repository: displays a tree of all objects in the current component or in the current action or entire test (depending on the object repository mode you selected). We can view or modify the test object description of any test object in the repository or to add new objects to the repository. Quicktest learns the default property values and determines in which test object class it fits. If it is not enough it adds assistive properties, one by one to the description until it has compiled the unique description. If no assistive properties are available, then it adds a special Ordinal identifier such as objects location on the page or in the source code.
  35. What are the properties you would use for identifying a browser & page when using descriptive programming? - Name would be another property apart from title that we can use.
  36. Give me an example where you have used a COM interface in your QTP project? - com interface appears in the scenario of front end and back end. for eg:if you r using oracle as back end and front end as VB or any language then for better compatibility we will go for an interface. of which COM will be one among those interfaces. Create object creates handle to the instance of the specified object so that we program can use the methods on the specified object. It is used for implementing Automation(as defined by Microsoft).
  37. Explain in brief about the QTP Automation Object Model. - Essentially all configuration and run functionality provided via the Quick Test interface is in some way represented in the Quick Test automation object model via objects, methods, and properties. Although a one-on-one comparison cannot always be made, most dialog boxes in Quick Test have a corresponding automation object, most options in dialog boxes can be set and/or retrieved using the corresponding object property, and most menu commands and other operations have corresponding automation methods. You can use the objects, methods, and properties exposed by the Quick Test automation object model, along with standard programming elements such as loops and conditional statements to design your program.
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74 Comments on QTP interview questions and answers

  1. Joe
    Posted 10/16/2007 at 1:34 pm | Permalink

    Hi Amulya,

    Answer is YES.

    -Joe

  2. rajasekhar Reddy
    Posted 10/23/2007 at 12:39 am | Permalink

    Hi friends,

    i have some tipical questions please if any body have realtime exp. give me the right answers.

    1)suppose there 10 actions in 1 test i want to run from 5 action to 10 action ( 5,6,7,8,9,10 actions) how to do
    2)to create action manualy i meen to say that by using script what is script code in vb please help me
    3)object not found for like this err what to do how to add properties manualy to the repository.
    4)in awindow there are some objects i want to count number of objects ( no. of listboxs , edit boxes……) how to write script for this…

    please helpme ………..

  3. nanda
    Posted 11/4/2007 at 7:18 am | Permalink

    this is script will use to save new test or existing test:
    Dim qtApp ‘As QuickTest.Application ‘ Declare the Application object variable
    Set qtApp = CreateObject(”QuickTest.Application”) ‘ Create the Application object
    qtApp.Launch ‘ Start QuickTest (if not launched)
    qtApp.Visible = True ‘ Make it visible
    ‘ Save the current test and open a new one if needed
    If qtApp.Test.Modified Then ‘ If the test was modified
    If qtApp.Test.IsNew Then ‘ If it is a new test (untitled)
    qtApp.Test.SaveAs “C:\Temp\TempTest” ‘ Save it with a temporary name (override existing temporary test)
    Else ‘ If the test exists (has a name)
    qtApp.Test.Save ‘ Save the changes
    End If

    End If
    If Not qtApp.Test.IsNew Then ‘ If the current test is not new
    qtApp.New ‘ Open a new test
    End If
    Set qtApp = Nothing ‘ Release the Application object

  4. nanda
    Posted 11/4/2007 at 7:20 am | Permalink

    if object is not in OR u can go for descriptive programming (or) if object is found but Properties are not with Test Object then..u can add properties for test objects by using setTOProperty method.

  5. nanda
    Posted 11/4/2007 at 7:26 am | Permalink

    The below script use for count no. of edit boxes in AUT:

    set odesc = description.create

    odesc(”nativeclass”).value= Edit
    odesc(”class name”).value = WinEdit

    set get_object = window(”").childobjects(odesc)

    count_object = get_object.count

    msgbox count_object

    and u can count No. list boxes, buttons by modifying odesc property values.

    If any queries: nanda.dreddy@gmail.com

  6. Posted 11/19/2007 at 2:49 am | Permalink

    Hi Friends,

    I am new to this group, i ahve one question to ask.
    My question is:

    My application is using FarPoint for Grids.

    While recording: But QTP doesn’t recognize FarPoint directly, it records grids as SwfObject which means a single Object(and not a grid which contains Rows and Columns) using Lower end points.

    After searching on internet I found ActiveX Grid Control is the way which supports FarPoint.

    But still am not able to catch properly.
    If anyone get the solution but revert bac asap

  7. Oscar
    Posted 11/21/2007 at 9:05 am | Permalink

    Hi, I am currently experiencing some basic problems with QTP scripting, since I am setting a value to a WebEdit text box. When running the application manually, once the textbox gets typed in, the next combobox (WebList) gets enabled, but when running the QTP script, the combo remains disabled.
    I’ve tried to set the value directly or via Table, and also for the innertext, outertext, innerhtml and outerhtml properties, with same results.
    How can I get that Combo box enabled?

    Thanks in advance.

  8. Subashini
    Posted 12/5/2007 at 12:30 pm | Permalink

    Doesnt QTP support HTML pages. I need to compare two HTML pages in the application.

    Please let me know if anybody has any idea on it.

  9. kamal
    Posted 12/7/2007 at 9:43 am | Permalink

    Hi,
    how can I display image in the Test Result?
    And
    How can I upload the same on QC so that I can get the same while generating reports?

  10. Narayana
    Posted 1/23/2008 at 12:06 am | Permalink

    how can we launch QTP through run command(it’s not exe),and how can we load batch file to run?

  11. Srividya
    Posted 3/12/2008 at 8:40 am | Permalink

    Justify whether QTP is Data driven or Keyword driven?

  12. Venu
    Posted 3/20/2008 at 6:47 am | Permalink

    Hi All,

    Does QTP 8.2 supports web application developed in php…or does it require any Add-In other than the default web Add-In available..?

  13. Asraf
    Posted 4/29/2008 at 1:55 am | Permalink

    answer of 5
    set obj=createobject(”quicktest.application”)
    obj.test.settings.resources.objectrepositorypath=”path of the .tsr file”

  14. Dhanasekar S
    Posted 5/15/2008 at 3:45 am | Permalink

    Oscar Says:
    November 21st, 2007 at 9:05 am

    Hi, I am currently experiencing some basic problems with QTP scripting, since I am setting a value to a WebEdit text box. When running the application manually, once the textbox gets typed in, the next combobox (WebList) gets enabled, but when running the QTP script, the combo remains disabled.
    I’ve tried to set the value directly or via Table, and also for the innertext, outertext, innerhtml and outerhtml properties, with same results.
    How can I get that Combo box enabled?
    ———————————————-
    This is because the developer would have developed to enable the combo box only if you send some keystroke to web edit.so Set will not work,you have to send key stroke to webedit by creating
    Set ws = CreateObject(”WScript.Shell”)
    Now send a click to webedit,Browser().Page().webedit().click
    then send key stroke
    ws.SendKeys “data”

  15. Naveen
    Posted 6/5/2008 at 2:27 am | Permalink

    Please find the below script for one of our application, our requirement is to execute this particular script for every 30 min in case any failure we need to send a mail to user.

    Can you please help me on this?

    Browser(”SSO LOGIN”).Page(”SSO LOGIN”).WebEdit(”username”).Set “krishna”

    Browser(”SSO LOGIN”).Page(”SSO LOGIN”).WebEdit(”password”).SetSecure “4847770856118ec59026d86ba08b2aac920cf7f874f0f8cfc5e5bbf17b14″

    Browser(”SSO LOGIN”).Page(”SSO LOGIN”).WebButton(”Log In”).Click

    Browser(”SSO LOGIN”).Dialog(”Security Alert”).WinButton(”Yes”).Click

    Browser(”SSO LOGIN”).Page(”Dynamite - High Level”).Link(”Report Query”).Click

    Browser(”SSO LOGIN”).Page(”Dynamite - Report Query”).Link(”Transaction History”).Click

    Browser(”SSO LOGIN”).Page(”Dynamite - Transaction”).Link(”Download”).Click

    Browser(”SSO LOGIN”).Page(”Dynamite - Dynamite Download”).Link(”Logout”).Click

  16. preethi
    Posted 6/6/2008 at 11:00 am | Permalink

    I’m new to automation testing(qtp),i want to know how to decide which testcases to be automated and how to save to script in qc and how to form the structure(script) in qc.

    Can anybody help me who has realtime experience

  17. sandy
    Posted 7/15/2008 at 6:39 am | Permalink

    hi all ,
    i have a question .i have to divide the text in the notepad to different paragraphs, without using the split function as the text doesnt have any special characters to differentiate the paragraphs,isthere any function for pasting the content in the word document ? as objSelection.typetext
    this function types all the text captured as a notepad text without any paragraph divisions..but i need to type as a paragraphed text ..can anyone help on this issue ?
    please reply back to saandeep241@hotmail.com
    thanks in advance.. :)

  18. sonia
    Posted 9/13/2008 at 1:58 pm | Permalink

    If you use GetROProperty method to get the value of the object’s property, do you need to have this object described and the property of the object in Object Repository?

  19. Auli
    Posted 11/4/2008 at 5:03 am | Permalink

    In TestPartner, there is a function “TextExists(some_text)”, which returns true or false based in whether the text ’some_text’ is present within a window/messagebox/editbox etc. Is there any such function or any inbuilt function in QTP that does the same?

  20. Posted 11/5/2008 at 12:16 am | Permalink

    Sonia, Not required, the one property value u r getting from GetRoPropety Method but, OR should have unique description of object.

  21. sAcHiN...
    Posted 11/5/2008 at 3:35 am | Permalink

    No u don’t need the object to be present in the Object Repository.
    This property is used to get the runtime data from the appication.
    But, QTP needs to identify that object whose particular property u need to capture. For this u may need that object in Object Repository or else u can use descriptive programming.

  22. Ganesh
    Posted 12/23/2008 at 6:59 pm | Permalink

    Hello,

    If any one can help me on this it will be very helpful.
    Question:
    In a web page there are fields like, Name, Date, Picure, Next button.

    To enter the date I have to click on small icon next to date field which opens up as small windoe same as calendar. We can move to next month, year in this calendar. This is recognized by QTP as Image object.

    Issue is QTP is not recognizing the date I select from this calendar. It records just the click on image but does not recognize the date field in the calendar.

    Is it possible to do in QTP?
    Writing a script if it can be done please do let me know how.

    It is very urgent.Please help me on this.

    Thanks
    Ganesh

  23. Kiran
    Posted 12/23/2008 at 7:07 pm | Permalink

    Hello,

    I had question on how to write test cases.
    For example if in a web page we have Name, Age, & Address fields. Do we have to test different conditions for each field?

    For eg:
    name:have to test 10 possibilities.
    Age: have to test 10 possibilities.

    In such scenario do we write different Testcases for different fields or combine them all into one testcase?

    If there are +ve and -ve testcases for each field, do we combine them into one single testcase?

    Your reply is very much appreciated.

    Thanks

  24. Irina
    Posted 1/11/2009 at 2:09 pm | Permalink

    Using QTP 9.0, have a problem.
    The test is recorded, but I don’t see all steps in the “Active Screen”, that means that I don’t see the GUI visual steps. What is going on?

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